For each programme that the athlete, couple, pair or team executes, the Total Segment Score (TSS) is determined by adding up the Total Element Score, the Programme Component Score and then subtracting any deductions. In compulsory dance the TSS is factored (divided by the number of compulsory dances to be skated). Athletes can lose points for falling, performing illegal elements, time violations, and for costume or music violations.
There are two distinct panels under the International Judging System (IJS) that clubs use for their championships, each with different functions:
- A “Technical Panel” consisting of a Technical Controller, Technical Specialist and Assistant Technical Specialist who decide which elements were performed and assign levels of difficulty. The Data Operator records what has been called by the Technical Controller and Video Replay Operator captures the skater’s programme in blocks according to the elements performed and has it available in case a review of an element is required.
- A “Judges Panel” consisting of a Referee and up to five judges (or more overseas) which determine the Grades of Execution (GOE) of each element and assigns the Programme Component marks.
A computer system for entering marks, replaying video of elements, and controlling the scoreboard is managed by the Accountant.